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The WQA (Water Quality Association) describes PFAS as emerging contaminants of great concern in drinking water. In this article, we will break down four areas to help you understand PFAS contaminants.

  1. What is the definition of PFAS?
  2. Where do these contaminants come from?
  3. Why should you be concerned?
  4. What are the best mitigation/removal technologies

To get started, let’s provide a definition to help form a reference for these contaminants. PFAS would be more accurately stated as PFA’s. They are an overall category for PFOA and PFOS compounds. These are the two most common compounds being found and researched today. The American Cancer Society provides these definitions:

PFAS – lab-made chemicals known as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (Category)
PFOA – Perfluorooctanoic Acid (Compound) –
PFOS – Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (Compound)

PFOA and PFOS are a manufactured perfluorochemical and a byproduct in producing fluoropolymers. Perfluorochemicals (PFCs) are a group of chemicals used to make fluoropolymer coatings and products that resist heat, oil, stains, grease, and water.

If you can pronounce these accurately, then your science background is well formed. From here on, we’ll try to keep this in simple terms.

After breaking down the acronyms, people often wonder what specific ways these chemicals were used. The NTP (National Toxicology Program – US Dept. of Human Health and Services) states that these chemicals were used to keep food from sticking to cookware, make stain-resistant sofas and carpets, waterproof clothing and mattresses, and may also be used in some food packaging, as well as in some fire fighting materials. Because they help reduce friction, they are also used in a variety of other industries including aerospace, automotive, building and construction, and electronics.

You probably recognize several of these types of products and may have used some of them yourself years ago. Unfortunately, these chemicals were not disposed of properly by their manufacturers decades ago and have now found their way into the groundwater supplies around our nation. These chemicals have been given the name “Forever Chemicals” because they last forever and do not break down in the environment. In some studies, they have been given a greater than 50,000 year expected life span. There is continuing research towards remediation. This research poses the questions; how do we remove PFAS out of the environment, and then how do we destroy them?

As you might think, with long-lasting chemicals in TX groundwater, there could be some health concerns. The health effects of PFAS on humans will vary depending on the research studies, but all are considered serious. 

Current peer-reviewed scientific studies have shown that exposure to certain levels of PFAS may lead to:

  • Reproductive effects such as decreased fertility or increased high blood pressure in pregnant women.
  • Developmental effects or delays in children, including low birth weight, accelerated puberty, bone variations, or behavioral changes.
  • Increased risk of some cancers, including prostate, kidney, and testicular cancers.
  • Reduced ability of the body’s immune system to fight infections, including reduced vaccine response.
  • Interference with the body’s natural hormones.
  • Increased cholesterol levels and/or risk of obesity.

On the ATSDR website (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry), they make it a point to explain “not all of these studies involved the same groups of people, the same type of exposure, or the same PFAS.” As an emerging contaminant, the physical effects from exposure are something that need further research. 

Two technologies have been tested and recognized to remove up to 98% of PFAS from drinking water. Both the WQA and a Purdue University study identified reverse osmosis and activated carbon as reliable solutions.

A reverse osmosis system will include a membrane along with other filters in its system. The membrane is the key to the removal of most PFAS. Other filtration systems, such as shell carbon filters, microfiltration, or ultrafiltration, will not remove PFAS effectively. A reverse osmosis system purifies your water versus filtering it. The membrane is a pressure-driven technology with a small pore size that allows very few contaminants to pass through. Reverse osmosis is a single-point system usually accessed at one faucet by the kitchen sink. It is not intended for whole-home purification.

For whole-home removal, Activated Carbon is another removal solution. Activated Carbon is a little more involved because its effectiveness depends on the exposure time of water to the proper level of carbon media for effective removal. This is not a do-it-yourself project. Contact us today to provide you with the expertise for proper removal of PFAS contaminants. 

A third technology is being researched with an Ion Exchange Resin. An Ion Exchange Resin is what you will find in your water softener. However, this new resin is designed differently to remove PFAS. Hopefully, more will come from this research soon.

With all this information you may be wondering “What should I do for my water in Dallas?”

Do your research and learn as much as you can. Whether you’re on municipal water or well water, our team at VA Water LLC can help. We understand the water chemistry in Dallas Fort Worth Metropolitan Area, the proper treatment, and maintenance. Fill out the form below or call us today at (817) 310-8540.

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VA Water did my water filtration and softening system for... me for a fraction of quotes I was getting. It’s been a week and I’ve already been seeing the differences in our skin.10/10 I will recommend their services.read more
teddy dankwah
teddy dankwah
20:22 03 Jul 24
I had VA Water install a whole house filtration system and... reverse osmosis for drinking water. It's been a few months and everything has been working well. Vlad and team did good job with installation and cleaning up after the job. Definitely recommend them!The whole house filtration system has maintenance free aside from replacing/adding salt.read more
Georgy John
Georgy John
13:36 27 Jun 24
Vlad was a pleasure to work with. Very clean install. Takes... pride in his work. Would use again hands down.read more
Jonathan Bridwell
Jonathan Bridwell
23:50 26 Jun 24
Vlad and his team did a great job of installing the... Aquasana filter for the entire house! Also, after installation when we had a question for them, they were responsive. Would highly recommend them.read more
Yogesh Wadhwa
Yogesh Wadhwa
16:28 10 Jun 24
They were quick and easy to book. Loved their service!
Eleanor Duelley
Eleanor Duelley
18:05 27 May 24
Brandon completed the install of my water softener and... filter. Excellent job! Very polite, punctual and kept me well informed each step of the way. While so many don't want to work in the best of conditions, Brandon was here hooking everything up in the rain! You guys need to hold on to him. Workers like that are hard to come by these days.read more
Rick Hyatt
Rick Hyatt
21:46 17 May 24
Very satisfied with their service at our home.We had to... move our existing system into different location, Talked to Vlad and discussed price, Got scheduled.Brandon came for the work, when he looked at it, He told that system that I have didn't have capability to hook water in straight from Garage as, there was no main line access.He figured out to dig thru line and drilling to garage and got work done.Based on complexity of the work, Very confident with his knowledge, he got work clean and done on time.I would definitely recommend for their work. They are knowledgeable, affordable and reasonable.read more
Raju P
Raju P
20:48 09 May 24
RO under sink filter installation. Easy and fast. Thank you
Merrill Family
Merrill Family
19:23 03 May 24
An absolute pleasure doing business with these guys! Very... professional, kind and friendly. They went above and beyond on the installation as well as explaining everything. Highly recommended!read more
Mark Diesel
Mark Diesel
01:24 23 Apr 24
Vlad demonstrated extensive knowledge and was incredibly... helpful in discussing the system. The service call charge was very reasonable. Tyler diagnosed my old system and thoroughly explained the issue when he arrived. After agreeing to purchase a new system from VA Water LLC, I found it to be significantly better than the old one and at a much better price. Tyler's installation was meticulous, and he took the time to go over all the system's details. I highly recommend VA Water LLC for its quality products and exceptional customer service.read more
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Margret Chancellor
21:51 22 Apr 24
Great experience! Good costs x benefits and always on time!
Patricia Vanni
Patricia Vanni
20:31 15 Apr 24
Professional, responsive, and subject matter expert in this... field. I would absolutely recommend!read more
Courtney Woods
Courtney Woods
02:38 15 Apr 24
I have been using the service for nearly 4 years now.... Always been great and never had any issue. I recommend their service!read more
Yoon Lee
Yoon Lee
22:27 02 Apr 24
Vlad and his team installed my home water filtration back... in 2021. The system's been great and if it needs servicing Vlad and his team come out right away to assist. It's been about as good of an experience as possible. Highly recommend.read more
Charles Norsch
Charles Norsch
19:57 01 Apr 24
I called a few places to get information on a RO system.... Once I contacted VA Water LLC, not only was Vlad quick to reach back but he was very informative and patient with all my questions. I felt more than comfortable moving forward, he was even able to work us in for the following day. Vlad came out himself completed the install without any issues, explained the system before leaving and my water tastes great. I will definitely be using their services again. I highly recommend them.read more
Iris Renee
Iris Renee
17:48 01 Apr 24
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